The ways employees are getting paid in the UK
Before going into detail about the various ways you could expect to receive your pay, it is important to look at how your earnings may be calculated.
In the UK, the way your wages are calculated will depend on the type of pay your employer chooses to give you.
Some staff is paid an hourly rate. This means that they are getting paid for every hour that they work.
Others are paid a salary. This amount is how much you would be paid in one year. Your contract will usually specify how many hours you will have to work every week.
More rarely, people are paid on a ‘per piece of work’ basis. This means that you will earn money for every item that you produce.
Alternatively, employers can choose to pay their staff on a commission basis (either with or without a salary). This is when you earn a percentage of, for example, the sales that you make.
Ways you can receive your wages
Precisely how you will receive your wages can vary greatly between employers.
The most common way or receiving your income is through your bank account.
Here, your employer will transfer your pay directly into your account.
You should be put on what is called PAYE (Pay As You Earn).
This way, your employer should take any tax and National Insurance due from your earnings (known as your gross pay), before sending your net earnings (also known as take-home pay) to your bank account.
Alternatively, you may be paid in cash or via a cheque. Both of these methods are becoming rarer.
In addition to your pay, you may be entitled to other benefits such as a company car or health insurance.
hese should be specified on your employment contract.
When you will be provided with your pay can also vary a great deal.
As an employee, you could be paid daily, weekly or monthly.
If you are paid monthly, you may be paid on the last day of the month or a few days before this date.
If you are unsure as to when to expect your pay, take a look at your employment contract.
What are the legal working hours in the UK?
In the UK, you are unable to work more than an average of 48 hours per week.
This is calculated over a 17-week period.
This means that it does not matter if you work more than 48 hours for a few weeks, as long as over 17 weeks you are working an average of fewer than 48 hours per week.
If you are under 18 years old, different rules will apply.
Additionally, depending on your career, the average may be calculated over a different number of weeks (or you may be part of a number of exceptions). Take a look at the government website for more information.
It is possible to opt out of the 48-hour rules and work more.
Your employer cannot sack you or treat you unfairly if you do not want to opt out of the regulations.
Grasping what deductions you can expect from your earnings is a vital part of fully understanding your pay.
The two main deductions that you can expect to see on your payslip are tax and National Insurance.
If you have a student loan and earn over the minimum amount required to begin making repayments, you may see that this is taken away from your salary, too.
There are also other deductions that could occur.
Check your employment contract to see if any other money could be taken from your wages.
Sometimes, a court order could result in you having money deducted from your pay. However, you should be aware that this will happen.
Additionally, if you are receiving what are known as ‘benefits in kind’ (such as a company car or health insurance) these could still be taxable in the UK.
If you have a workplace pension, you could also see this deducted from your wages.
Problems getting paid
If you are having trouble getting paid in the UK, this could result in you getting into debt.
This is why it is vital to understand your rights so that you can act as soon as possible.
If you are having trouble getting paid in the UK, your first port of call should usually be to speak to your employer.
You could also try speaking to Human Resources to discuss your concerns.
If a mistake has been made, you should be paid immediately (there is no need to wait until your next payday).
If you are not being paid, you can contact Citizens Advice for guidance on what to do next.
Do employers have to pay you on payday?
Yes, employers are required to pay you by the established payday. If your employer does not pay you when your employment contract specifies that they should, this could be a breach of contract.
Again, if this has happened to you, you should seek advice from Citizens Advice as soon as possible.
Understanding how you get paid in the UK and the deductions that may be taken from your income is vital.
This way, you can not only deal with any problems that may arise, but you can also calculate your take-home pay and create a budget that works with your wages.