Types of Personal Loan

Types of Personal Loan
Stacey Corrin

Types of Personal Loan

You need credit, at the best possible rate, on the most suitable repayment terms. Personal loan, payday loan or logbook loan? To use a guarantor or go it alone? Secured or unsecured credit? There are many questions to be answered if you’re to discover the right types of personal loan for you. Find the answers here.

An Introduction to Personal Loans

When selecting a personal loan that’s right for your personal finances, there are numerous characteristics that define one personal loan, from the next. Here’s an introduction to the main differences, which we’ll explore in more detail throughout this guide.

Every loan features:

  • A fixed duration of months – Generally personal loans run for between 6 and 60 months; these are known as instalment loans. The one exception is revolving line of credit loans, which function in a similar way to an overdraft facility.
  • A fixed or variable interest rate – A fixed interest rate will remain the same throughout the period of the loan, whilst a variable interest rate will change as according to a schedule.
  • A set loan amount – With each monthly repayment made the amount you owe reduces.
  • APR (Annual Percentage Interest Rate) – This shows you how much the loan will cost – it is the yearly cost that is charged by the financial provider.

Different forms of personal loans

  • Secured or unsecured
  • Guaranteed by a guarantor or unguaranteed
  • Fixed rate or variable rate

Should You Choose a Fixed or Variable Rate Loan?

Generally, fixed interest and variable interest tend to belong to two distinct groups of personal loan products. Variable interest is typically applied to revolving credit, while fixed interest generally applies to instalment loans. For this reason, it’s generally not a choice between one or the other, although you should always ensure that you fully understand the interest charges, how they work and what the total cost of your loan will be.

Secured Loan Versus Unsecured Loan

Types of Personal Loan

Secured Loans – An Overview

A secured loan requires that you ‘tie’ an asset to the loan. This acts as security for the lender. Should you default and be unable to repay the loan, this asset will be claimed by your creditor for them to recoup their costs.

This asset may be a vehicle, valuable assets such as jewellery or your home. Secured loans against your vehicle are known as logbook loans (which can provide finance for £250+), while those linked to a property are known as homeowner loans (which typically provide finance for £5,000+).

The Advantages of Secured Loans

  • Secured loans can provide finance for large amounts – this compares to personal loans that generally only offer finance of up to £25,000
  • This form of credit can be suitable for those with a poor credit history
  • The repayment period on a secured loan may be longer than with a traditional personal loan, making this form of credit easier to manage (although longer loan periods do result in larger amounts of interest)

The Disadvantages of Secured finance

  • There could be fees and charges involved should you choose to repay early
  • You need to ensure that you keep up with repayments, otherwise, your home, vehicle or other assets may be at risk

Unsecured Loans – An Overview

Unsecured loans describe any type of loan that isn’t tied to an asset. This form of personal loan provides finance for between £1,000 and £25,000 and is generally suited to individuals who have at least a fair credit score.Types of Personal Loan

The advantages of Unsecured Loans

  • Unsecured loans are generally available to a large percentage of people
  • This form of finance offers flexibility, with the applicant able to select the amount they wish to borrow, over a period of between 6 and 60 months
  • Some lenders will offer the choice of a loan holiday at the start of the lending period – these periods generally range in time between two and three months
  • The best interest rates are offered on loans of three to five years, with shorter loan periods attracting relatively higher interest rates

Disadvantages of Unsecured Loans

  • Once agreed, products offer limited flexibility and re-negotiating terms may be difficult with some lenders
  • The best personal loan deals are only available for those with excellent credit ratings

Guarantor Loans                          

Guarantor loans involve you, as the loan applicant, and a guarantor, someone who is creditworthy who can guarantee the loan should you fall into arrears and be unable to meet your financial obligation. Anyone can be a guarantor, although given the level of trust required it is generally someone close to the applicant. The guarantor must also have a good credit history.

Advantages of Guarantor Loans

  • Guarantor loans are ideal for those who have a less than perfect credit rating
  • These types of personal loan tend to be cheaper than payday loans and cheque cashing finance
  • Guarantor loans aren’t generally linked to assets, such as the guarantor’s home
  • This form of finance can improve the applicant’s credit rating if they keep up with all of the repayments 

Disadvantages of Guarantor Loans

  • Guarantor loans can be difficult to set up
  • Applicants may find it difficult to find someone who’ll act as a guarantor
  • Guarantor loans can cause serious relationship problems if the applicant doesn’t keep to their repayment commitments

Types of Personal Loan – A Side by Side Comparison

Types of personal loanTypical length of loanAmount that can be borrowedSecured against an asset?Will you be credit checked?
Logbook loan12 months – 5 years£250 – £50,000Yes – secured against your carNo
Personal loan12 months – 5 years£1,000 – £25,000Not normallyYes
Homeowner loan5 years – 25 years£3,000 – £250,000Yes – secured against your homeYes
Line of credit loanOngoing£1,500 – £150,000NoYes
Guarantor loan12 months – 5 years£500 – £10,000NoYes
Payday loan1 month£80 – £500NoYes
Short-term loan1 to 6 months£80 – £500NoYes

What Types of Personal Loan Is Right for Me?

how to choose a personal loan

Your Personal Loan – The Next Step

Speak with the CashLady team about whether our network of personal loan lenders can help, read our instant loan FAQs or use our live chat facility.

Stacey Corrin

Stacey Corrin

Stacey can be described as a serial blogger having created and maintained many successful blogs on topics ranging from social media and marketing to interior design and self-improvement. Along the way, she developed a great love of writing and graphic design, which caught the attention of the Cash Lady team. Now, Stacey uses her expertise on blogging and Social Media to manage Cash Lady's blog, helping to develop and polish many of the money saving articles and guides you'll find here. She's also Cash Lady's voice on Social Media and is always open for a chat on your favourite platform. Find out more about Stacey on Google+
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